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Read e-book online A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor PDF

By Earl R. Mac Cormac

ISBN-10: 0262132125

ISBN-13: 9780262132121

During this publication, Earl Mac Cormac provides an unique and unified cognitive concept of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon proof from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this thought for that means and fact with particular recognition to metaphor as a speech act, the enduring which means of metaphor, and the advance of a four-valued method of fact. various examples of metaphor from poetry and technology are offered and analyzed to aid Mac Cormac's theory."A Cognitive concept of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation--metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process--and unifies those through analyzing metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom approach during which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the novel concept that every one use of language is metaphorical; despite the fact that, this argument additionally acknowledges that the "theory of metaphor may possibly itself be metaphorical.The ebook first considers the computational metaphor usually followed by means of cognitive psychology to illustrate of metaphor requiring research. unlike 3 recognized philosophical theories of metaphor - the stress idea, the controversion concept, and the grammatical deviance concept - it develops a semantical anomaly conception of metaphor in line with a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the speculation, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of that means, together with discussions of speech acts and the good judgment of fuzzy units. This semantical concept of clarification is then proven to be suitable with modern psychologicaltheories of memory.Earl R. MacCormac is Charles A. Dana Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the dept of Philosophy, Davidson university. A Bradford ebook.

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Extra resources for A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor

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For the cognitive scientist, encountering the computational metaphor frequently, even as a critic of it, may diminish the tension associated with that metaphor. To criticize a position, one must adopt at least the vocabulary and some of the basic assumptions of that position in order to present arguments against it. Ironically, the opponent of the computational metaphor in offering arguments and evidence against it may gradually assume many of the implications of the metaphor as part of her own critical position.

But to do that would emaciate the metaphor. If we de-emphasize the Inanimate of "telephone" and the Animate of "umbilical cord," then we move in the direction of converting the metaphor into an analogy, and the difference between metaphorical and nonmetaporical is lost. Defining metaphor as the intentional misuse of language to present a new insight or to propose a new hypothesis finds support in the recognized difficulty of developing grammatical rules for the production and interpretation of metaphors.

Metaphors present the emotive feelings of the author as well as stimulate similar and other emotional feelings in the hearer. Emotive theorists thought that they had resolved the dilemma uncovered by the controversion theory. Metaphors did not have to be paraphrased or reduced to analogies; they could remain metaphors even though false and yet could be meaningful and insightful. The emotive theory responded to demands by positivists that for a statement to be meaningful it must be capable of test.

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A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor by Earl R. Mac Cormac

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